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Pulmonary Critical Care

It is a specialized field of emergency medicine that focuses on patients suffering from injuries and diseases of the respiratory or pulmonary system.

Overview - Pulmonary Critical Care

Pulmonary critical care is a specialized field of emergency medicine that focuses on patients suffering from injuries and diseases of the respiratory or pulmonary system, which includes the lungs, trachea, diaphragm, and related structures.

Our teams are specifically trained to provide life-saving care for patients who are experiencing respiratory issues, such as multi-system failure and other life-threatening situations.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing.

Causes

Bacteria & Virus

Treatment

Antibiotic, oxygen & supportive care

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Condition in which fluid collects in the air sacs of the lungs, depriving organs of oxygen. Infection of lung with normal cardiac function causes hypoxia which characterised by PaO2/FiO2<300.

Causes

Bacteria, Virus, H1N1

Treatment

Antibiotic, antiviral, & in severe cases ventilator support. Other treatment options include: oxygen therapy, steroids.

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

A group of disorders that cause progressive scarring of lung tissue. Interstitial lung disease is another term for pulmonary fibrosis, or “scarring” and “inflammation” of the interstitium (the tissue that surrounds the lung’s air sacs, blood vessels and airways).

Causes

Autoimmune, post-infection

Treatment

Steroids, physiotherapy & oxygen supplement.

FAQs & Info

Blood loss more than 1500 ml in coughing, which requires immediate resuscitation, blood transfusion, in severe cases arterial embolisation.
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage can be because of Wegnerg's disease, requires steroids, cyclophosphamide etc.
Pulmonary embolism is a clot formed in lung vasculature due to hypercoagulable situation.

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